In August 2004, for the US presidential election, the day by day G2 complement launched an experimental letter-writing campaign in Clark County, Ohio, an average-sized county in a swing state. Editor Ian Katz bought a voter list from the county for $25 and requested readers to write to individuals listed as undecided in the election, giving them an impression of the worldwide view and the importance of voting towards President George W. Bush. Katz admitted later that he did not imagine Democrats who warned that the marketing campaign would profit Bush and not opponent John Kerry. The newspaper scrapped “Operation Clark County” on 21 October 2004 after first publishing a column of responses—practically all of them outraged—to the marketing campaign underneath the headline “Dear Limey assholes”. Some commentators instructed that the general public’s dislike of the campaign contributed to Bush’s victory in Clark County.

Users are now in a position to prevent person-set classes of associates from seeing updates about certain forms of activities, together with profile changes, Wall posts and newly added pals. On July 20, 2008, Facebook introduced “Facebook Beta”, a major redesign of its consumer interface on selected networks. The Mini-Feed and Wall have been consolidated, profiles have been separated into tabbed sections, and an effort was made to create a cleaner look. Thrift is used as the messaging format so PHP packages can query Java companies.

On-line Media

On September 28, 2018, Facebook experienced a significant breach in its security, exposing the data of fifty million users. The information breach started in July 2017 and was found on September sixteen. Facebook notified customers affected by the exploit and logged them out of their accounts. We’re additionally investigating every single app that had access to giant amounts of knowledge before we fixed this.

Around this time, the Library of Congress was making plans to construct and relocate to the new Thomas Jefferson Building, designed to be fireproof. Authorized by an act of Congress, Henry transferred the Smithsonian’s non-scientific library of forty,000 volumes to the Library of Congress in 1866.

Different Media Protection

Facebook investigations revealed that Archimedes had spent some $1.1 million on faux ads, paid for in Brazilian reais, Israeli shekels and US dollars. Facebook gave examples of Archimedes Group political interference in Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, Angola, Niger and Tunisia. The Atlantic Council’s Digital Forensic Research Lab stated in a report that “The ways employed by Archimedes Group, a personal firm, intently resemble the types of data warfare tactics typically utilized by governments, and the Kremlin particularly.” In October 2018, The Daily Telegraph reported that Facebook “banned hundreds of pages and accounts that it says were fraudulently flooding its site with partisan political content material – although they got here from the United States instead of being associated with Russia.” As a dominant social-internet service with huge outreach, Facebook have been used by identified or unindentified political operatives to affect public opinion.

The firm was valued at $104 billion, the most important valuation to that date. The IPO raised $sixteen billion, the third-largest in U.S. history, after Visa Inc. in 2008 and AT&T Wireless in 2000. Based on its 2012 earnings of $5 billion, Facebook joined the Fortune 500 listing for the primary time in May 2013, ranked 462. The IPO was controversial given the instant value declines that followed, and was the topic of lawsuits, whereas SEC and FINRA both launched investigations.

Several corporations, including the ANZ and ASB banks, have stopped promoting on Facebook after the corporate was widely condemned by the public. Following the attack, Facebook began blocking white nationalist, white supremacist, and white separatist content material, saying that they could not be meaningfully separated. The older coverage had been condemned by civil rights teams, who described these actions as functionally indistinct. Further bans had been made in mid-April 2019, banning a number of British far-right organizations and related individuals from Facebook, and likewise banning praise or help for them. As of 2015, Facebook’s algorithm was revised in an attempt to filter out false or misleading content, corresponding to pretend news tales and hoaxes.

Fifa Women’s World Cup

In June 2011 Guardian News and Media revealed elevated annual losses of £33 million and announced that it was looking to concentrate on its on-line version for news coverage, leaving the print edition to include extra comments and features. It was additionally speculated that The Guardian might turn out to be the primary British national every day paper to be totally on-line. ] false claims—fabrications, really—have been unfold all around the internet by journalists, causing hundreds of thousands of individuals to eat false information.” The Guardian later amended its article about Assange. workplaces have been then visited in July by agents from the UK’s GCHQ, who supervised the destruction of the exhausting drives containing data acquired from Snowden.

On 14 September 2010, it was introduced that former President of Chile Michelle Bachelet was appointed as head of UN Women. Various international locations supported the creation of the body and welcomed Bachelet as chief. During General Debate at the opening of the 65th General Assembly of the United Nations, world leaders counseled the creation of the physique and its intention to “empower women”, as well as welcoming Bachelet’s place as the inaugural head. On eleven March 2011, John Hendra of Canada and Lakshmi Puri of India had been appointed as first Deputy Executive Directors at the level of UN Assistant Secretary-General. The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, also referred to as UN Women, is a United Nations entity working for the empowerment of girls. “Belgians spend money on women’s sport from grassroots up, concentrating on EURO2017”.

This was the first interactive multimedia encyclopedia , with nearly all of articles being accessible via an interactive map of the UK. The person interface and a part of the content of the Domesday Project have been emulated on a website till 2008.

Social Stratification

An 1823 leading article on the persevering with “cruelty and injustice” to slaves in the West Indies long after the abolition of the slave commerce with the Slave Trade Act 1807 needed equity to the pursuits and claims each of the planters and of their oppressed slaves. It welcomed the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 and accepted the “increased compensation” to the planters because the “guilt of slavery attaches way more to the nation” rather than individuals. Success of the Act would encourage emancipation in different slave-proudly owning nations to keep away from “imminent risk of a violent and bloody termination.” However, the newspaper argued towards limiting commerce with countries which had not but abolished slavery. “Facebook suspends 5 accounts, including that of a social media researcher, for deceptive techniques in Alabama election”. Facebook banned political advertisements to stop the manipulation of voters in the US’s November’s election.

Originally, Wikipedia ran on UseModWiki written in Perl by Clifford Adams , which initially required CamelCase for article hyperlinks; the current double bracket type was integrated later. Starting in January 2002 , Wikipedia began working on a PHP wiki engine with a MySQL database; this software program was customized-made for Wikipedia by Magnus Manske. The Phase II software program was repeatedly modified to accommodate the exponentially growing demand.


Wikipedia has been criticized for its uneven accuracy and for exhibiting systemic bias, particularly gender bias against women and a left-wing political bias. In 2006, Time journal stated that the open-door coverage of permitting anybody to edit had made Wikipedia the “largest and perhaps one of the best encyclopedia on the planet”, and a testomony to the imaginative and prescient of Jimmy Wales. The project’s popularity improved further within the 2010s, as it received praise for its distinctive construction, tradition, and absence of economic bias. In 2018, Facebook and YouTube introduced that they would help users detect fake information by suggesting links to related Wikipedia articles.